Silicon is one of the essential trace elements in the human body. It occupies 0.026% of body weight. Silicon and silicon-containing dust is the biggest hazard to the human body caused by silicosis. Silicosis is one of the serious occupational diseases. Miners, stone processing workers, and other workers in areas containing silicon dust should take necessary protective measures.
Silicon is necessary for connective tissue and cartilage formation. Silicon can bind mucopolysaccharides to each other and bind mucopolysaccharides to proteins to form fibrous structures, thereby increasing the elasticity and strength of connective tissue and maintaining structural integrity. Silicon is involved in the calcification of bones. It plays a role in the initial stage of calcification. Silicon in foods can increase the rate of calcification, especially when the calcium intake is low; about 21% of the amino acids in collagen are hydroxyproline. Amino hydroxylases hydroxylate valine, which requires silicon for maximum activity; analysis of collagens from different sources shows that silicon is one of the constituents of collagen.